By Elizabeth Roberts
Should student test scores affect teacher evaluations?
That issue continues to be a stumbling block between Stockton Teachers Association and Stockton Unified negotiators as they pursue a new contract. And it is playing out on a national scale as well, part of larger accountability movement framing reform as a civil rights issue unfairly affecting disadvantaged and minority students.
California's little-known 40-year-old Stull Act, in fact, requires student achievement to be included in teacher evaluations, though many districts have failed to comply in the decades since its 1971 passage, leaving them vulnerable to lawsuits.